Skip to main content

Ashta Lakshmi - The Eight Forms of Goddess Lakshmi

Courtesy: Google Images
Lakshmi Devi is the Hindu Goddess of Wealth and is considered as the wife of Lord Vishnu. She is believed to be the daughter of Ksheera Samudra Raja or the King of Oceans. The Goddess of Wealth, Lakshmi Devi is always portrayed as sitting on Padmam or the Lotus and with an ever-smiling face. She is also considered as the Goddess of beauty. Hindus believe that there are eight different faces / forms of Goddess Lakshmi and each face of Lakshmi is assigned with a name that is associated with the specific boon that she bestows on her devotees. Accordingly, the eight faces i.e forms of Goddess Lakshmi are collectively known as Ashta Lakshmi. Though there are 8 faces of Goddess Lakshmi, yet she is called by different names almost 1001 names like Sridevi, Ramaa, Padma, Pankaja, Madhavi, Sundari, Saroja etc.

Adi Lakshmi

Adi Lakshmi is believed to be the foremost or the first form of Lakshmi Devi. This face of Lakshmi is mostly seen in a sitting posture on a lotus with chatur bhuja i.e four hands. She is portrayed with a lotus in one of the hind hands and a white flag in the other hind hand. While her fore hands - the abhaya hasta i.e the right hand is in abhaya mudra which depicts her blessings to her devotees. And the varada hasta i.e the left hand is in varada mudra.

Dhana Lakshmi

The meaning of the Sanskrit word 'Dhana' is wealth. This face of Goddess Lakshmi is picturized as the giver of wealth. Dhana Lakshmi is portrayed in sitting posture wearing a red sari (a typical traditional costume of the Indian women). The picture of Lakshmi Devi is seen with six hands holding a conch (sankham) and a disc (chakram) in the hind arms, a bow (dhanush) and the sacred pot (kalasham) in the middle two arms and the two fore arms in abhaya and varada mudra. And there seen the pouring of gold coins or wealth from the palm of the abhaya hasta in the abhaya mudra.

Dhaanya Lakshmi

The word 'Dhaanya' actually means 'grain' but in a broader sense it means food. This face of Goddess Lakshmi is considered to be the bestower of food and nutrients to the humans. It is believed that on worshiping Dhaanya Lakshmi, the devotee is blessed with abundance of food in his life. This face of Lakshmi is picturized in green sari symbolizing the greenery and is seen with eight arms. She holds a sheaf of paddy and a pink lotus in her hindmost arms, a sugarcane and a bunch of bananas in the mid hind arms, a mace (gada) and a lotus in the mid fore arms and the foremost two arms in the abhaya and varada mudras.

Gaja Lakshmi

The word 'Gaja' means elephant. As the name indicates, this face of Lakshmi is seen flanked by two bedecked white elephants with (kalasham) in the trunks and performing abhishekam (pouring of water) to the Goddess. As per Hindu mythology, it is Gaja Lakshmi, the daughter of Ksheera Samudra Raja (the King of Oceans), who helped Indra in getting back his lost wealth from the depths of the oceans. This face of Lakshmi Devi is seen with four hands holding lotus in each of the hind arms and the fore arms in Abhaya (right hand) and Varada (left hand) mudra.

Santana Lakshmi

The meaning of the Sanskrit word 'Santana' is children or offspring. As the name suggests, this face of Maha Lakshmi is considered as the Goddess of progeny and the giver of offspring / children. In the Hindu society family life is give much importance and hence progeny is considered as the most valuable / important wealth of the family life. This face of the goddess is picturized with six hands with two kalashams in the hindmost arms, a sword and a shield in each of the mid arms and the foremost hands in Abhaya and Varada mudras. And most importantly the goddess is portrayed with a small child in her lap.

Dhairya Lakshmi

The word 'dhairya' means courage and this face of Goddess Lakshmi is believed to give courage / power to her devotees who seek her blessings to gain courage / power / strength for overcoming the adversities in life. This face of Lakshmi Devi is portrayed with eight arms holding a sankham and chakram in the hindmost arms, a bow and an arrow or a trident (trishul) in the mid hind arms, a sword and a book or a gold brick in the mid fore arms and the foremost arms in the Abhaya and Varada mudras.

Vidya Lakshmi

As the name implies 'vidya' which means education / knowledge in all spheres, this face of Lakshmi Devi is worshiped as the knowledge-giver. Actually, it is the Hindu goddess of Saraswati who is considered as the knowledge-giver and this face of Lakshmi shows that Lakshmi Devi and Saraswati are not separate entities but are the same. Hence, this face of goddess Lakshmi is portrayed with a white sari like Saraswati Devi and is seen with four arms holding lotus in the hind arms and the fore arms as usual in Abhaya and Varada mudras.

Vijaya Lakshmi

As the name implies 'vijaya' which means victory in Sanskrit, this face of Goddess Lakshmi signifies victory of man / her devotees over our enemies which not only include the external ones but our internal enemies as well. Our internal enemies include our anger, lust etc besides the negative thoughts. As this face of the goddess has to combat the enemies She is portrayed with eight arms holding sankh and chakra in the hind most arms, a lotus and a shield in the mid hind arms, a sword and a noose in the mid fore arms and the fore most arms in Abhaya and Varada mudras.


Popular posts from this blog

Seemantham - The South Indian Traditional Baby Shower ceremony

Seemantham is a traditional south Indian way of celebrating baby shower. The same is celebrated in north India as 'godbharai' ('god' means lap in Hindi - 'd' in 'god' is pronounced as 'the' and bharai means 'to fill'). The celebration differs from region to region. Seemantham is also known by the names 'poolu mudupu' (i.e adoring flowers in the hair) and 'gajulu todagadam' (i.e wearing glass bangles) in Telugu. It is celebrated in the 5th or 7th or 9th month of pregnancy. Seemantham is one of the 16 Hindu samskaras known as 'simantonnayana' in Sanskrit. It is a samskara of the embryo / foetus that develops in the pregnant woman's womb. Usually, seemantham is celebrated for the 1st pregnancy only and not for the subsequent conceives. There are certain superstitious believes on celebrating the function. In the olden days, people believed that pregnant women are easily prone to 'dishti' or evil e

How To Perform Aksharabhyasam At Home And Basar temple

Aksharabhyasam Meaning The word 'Akshara' means letters (alphabets) in Sanskrit and 'abhyasam' means practice. Aksharabhyasam is a traditional religious function of Hindus. It is also known as 'Vidyaarambham' which literally means starting of education. In this function a child is given initiation for writing / education. With this function the child is ready to receive formal education in a school. The function is performed in different ways in different regions of India. When to perform aksharabhyasam In the olden days, aksharabhyasam was performed when the child was 5 years old. But presently because of early education at Kindergarten level, parents perform this ceremony when the child is in his 3rd year i.e. after the child completes 2 years. Normally there is a belief that aksharabhyasam should not be performed after the child completes 3 years and is in its 4th year. Where to perform aksharabhyasam The function can be performed either in a temp

School Speeches - Farewell Speech By School Principal to Outgoing Students

Author Reserves All Rights. Listen to the speech in my YouTube Channel: This sample speech would be helpful for the school principal to deliver on the occasion of school farewell day party. Respected teachers and my dear students, Good Morning / Good Afternoon to each one present here and a very warm welcome to you to the school farewell party. It's a nostalgic feeling as I remember my student life in school and my school farewell party. I am sure we all have mixed feelings on this day which is a blend of joy and sadness. On one hand you feel enthusiastic as you will be stepping into a completely new different world where you will find relatively more freedom than in a school life. While on the other hand you will feel sad as you have to depart from your school / classmates. My dear friends the time has come to bid you all farewell with a heavy heart from this esteemed institution which protected you, cared for you, supported you and guided you all these years.