The Diminishing Population Of Certain Social Groups In India
Budabukkala VaaduAre you wondering what's this word 'budabukkala vaadu'? Well, if you are a Telugu, you will surely come to know who is this person. For non-Telugus, this would be a strange word.
This is a small social group that was concentrated in South India. In the olden days 'budabukkala vaadu' used to move around in the early mornings before sunrise, in the lanes / streets of villages, towns and cities. He had a 'damarukam' in his hand. 'Damarukam' is a percussion musical instrument that is believed to be used by Lord Shiva during Shiva Tandavam - the Divine Dance. This man is actually is a fore-teller with some extra-ordinary acquired yogic / tantric powers.
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His appearance and costume are peculiar i.e unique (in present terms). He wears mostly a white dhoti or colored one with a long black coat on top. He has a red cloth as a headgear known as 'talapaga' in Telugu. He also has a bell tied to his waist. The appearance itself is somewhat scary.
It is believed that the 10-headed demon king Ravana appeared in this form only to abduct Sita Devi during their forest exile period in Dandakaranya.
Due to unknown reasons, this particular sect of people has almost completely disappeared from the Indian society. These people are also known by the name 'Jangama Deva'. But there is a slight difference in their costume. They do not beg alms but just accept whatever is offered to them by the people.
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Yerukala SaniYerukala is yet another social group exists in South India. The population of this group is diminishing. The women folk of Yerukala group are known as Yerukala Sani. These women dress in a unique way and these are the traditional professional fore-tellers. Mostly these women unlike 'Budabukkala vaadu', are soothsayers / fortune tellers.
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All the while she speaks these words, she repeatedly turns down the hand of the person that she holds in her hand. Some of the Yerukala Sani hold a bamboo stick in their hand and keep waving it while speaking those Telugu words 'sodu cheputanu'.
It is believed that Lord Venkateswara of Tirumala comes in the disguise of a Yerukala Sani, to Akasa Raju's (Goddess Padmavati's father) palace and explains the person to whom Padmavati lost her heart, he who rescued her from a wild elephant, is not an ordinary man.
This small social group is gradually diminishing from the society and are hardly seen these days. In the recent past, Yerukala Sani was very much used as a fancy dress by the school girls.
There are many more such social groups in India that are fast declining / diminishing.