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Class Notes on Our Rights and Duties - Class 4 Social Studies

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Q. What is constitution?
A. Constitution is a set of rules according to which the government governs a country.

Q. Who framed the Constitution of India and when did come into effect?
A. Constitution of India was framed by the Constituent Assembly. It came into effect on January 26th, 1950.

Q. When did India become a Republic?
A. India became a Republic on January 26th, 1950.

Q. When is Republic Day celebrated in India?
A.Every year Republic Day is celebrated on January 26th in India.

Q. What do you mean by Republic?
A. A country that is governed by a President and the representatives who are chosen (elected) by the people is called a Republic.

Q. What is democracy?
A. Democracy is a form of government in which the citizens of the country have the right to choose their representatives who in turn form the government. Democracy is a government OF THE PEOPLE, BY THE PEOPLE and FOR THE PEOPLE.

Q. What is socialism?
A. A society in which all the people are treated equally without the discrimination of caste, color or creed is known as socialism.

Q. What is secularism?
A. A society in which the citizens have the freedom of practicing any religion is known as secularism.

Q. What are fundamental rights? Name the fundamental rights.
A. The basic rights provided by the Constitution of India to the citizens of the country are known as Fundamental Rights. There are 6 fundamental rights and these are:

  1. Right to Equality
  2. Right to Freedom
  3. Right Against Exploitation
  4. Right to Freedom of Religion
  5. Cultural and Educational Rights
  6. Right to Constitutional Remedies.
Q. What are Fundamental Duties?
A. The basic duties of every citizen towards the nation that are listed in the Constitution of India are known as Fundamental Duties.   

Q. What are Directive Principles?
A. The guidelines that are listed in the Constitution of India for the government to govern the country are called Directive Principles.

Watch the video on Our Rights and Duties:

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Lyrics And Meaning Of Ramadasu Keertana - Paluke Bangaramayena Kodandapani

Raagam : Ananda Bhairavi
Taalam : Aadi

Paluke bangaramayena Kodandapani - 2

paluke bangaramaye pilachina palukavemi - 2
kalalo nee nama smarana marava chakkani tandri

Concise meaning - The agony of Bhakta Ramadas is reflected in this keertana. Sri Rama is referred as Kodandapani (the wielder of bow) in this song. Ramadasu questions Rama why He (Rama) is not answering to his (Ramadasu) prayers though he (Ramadas) did not forget to chant His (Rama) name in his (Ramadasu) dreams?

Yenta vedina gani suntaina daya raadu - 2
pantamu seyaga nenentati vaadanu tandri - 2

Concise meaning - Ramadasu says why Rama is not showing mercy on him in spite of his repeated requests. He (Ramadasu) mentions that he is an ordinary man and how can he show his stubbornness with god.

Iruvuga isukalona poralina udata bhakti - 2
karuninchi brochitivani nera nammitini tandri - 2

Concise meaning - Ramadasu says that how can he believe that Rama was merciful to the small creature / squirrel which showed its devotion by…

Farewell Speech By School Principal to Outgoing Students

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Listen to the speech in my YouTube Channel:
This sample speech would be helpful for the school principal to deliver on the occasion of school farewell day party.

Respected teachers and my dear students,

Good Morning / Good Afternoon to each one present here and a very warm welcome to you to the school farewell party.

It's a nostalgic feeling as I remember my student life in school and my school farewell party. I am sure we all have mixed feelings on this day which is a blend of joy and sadness. On one hand you feel enthusiastic as you will be stepping into a completely new different world where you will find relatively more freedom than in a school life. While on the other hand you will feel sad as you have to depart from your school / classmates.

My dear friends the time has come to bid you all farewell with a heavy heart from this esteemed institution which protected you, cared for you, supported you and guided you all these years.

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This Keertana is one of the best and most popular compositions of Saint Annamayya in which he describes the universal truth of oneness and omnipresence of God in all the creatures alike. The Keertana is sung in Bouli / Mayamalava Goula Ragam.

Tandanana Ahi Tandanana Pure Tandanana Bhala Tandanana
Brahmamokkate Parabrahma Mokkate Prabrahmamokkate Prabrahmamokkate

The word 'tandanana' is a slang used in the local folklore to give a rhythmic punch to the folk music. While the words 'ahi' 'pure' and 'bhala' are words of appreciation in the local language (different dialects of Telugu). The second line describes the oneness of God.

Kanduvagu Heenadhikamu Lindu Levu Andariki Srihare Antaratma
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There is no class distinction like high or low and it is Sri Hari (the Supreme God) who dwells in all the beings. There is even no distinction among the creatures as it is He who dw…


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