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Class Notes on Our Rights and Duties - Class 4 Social Studies

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Q. What is constitution?
A. Constitution is a set of rules according to which the government governs a country.

Q. Who framed the Constitution of India and when did come into effect?
A. Constitution of India was framed by the Constituent Assembly. It came into effect on January 26th, 1950.

Q. When did India become a Republic?
A. India became a Republic on January 26th, 1950.

Q. When is Republic Day celebrated in India?
A.Every year Republic Day is celebrated on January 26th in India.

Q. What do you mean by Republic?
A. A country that is governed by a President and the representatives who are chosen (elected) by the people is called a Republic.

Q. What is democracy?
A. Democracy is a form of government in which the citizens of the country have the right to choose their representatives who in turn form the government. Democracy is a government OF THE PEOPLE, BY THE PEOPLE and FOR THE PEOPLE.

Q. What is socialism?
A. A society in which all the people are treated equally without the discrimination of caste, color or creed is known as socialism.

Q. What is secularism?
A. A society in which the citizens have the freedom of practicing any religion is known as secularism.

Q. What are fundamental rights? Name the fundamental rights.
A. The basic rights provided by the Constitution of India to the citizens of the country are known as Fundamental Rights. There are 6 fundamental rights and these are:

  1. Right to Equality
  2. Right to Freedom
  3. Right Against Exploitation
  4. Right to Freedom of Religion
  5. Cultural and Educational Rights
  6. Right to Constitutional Remedies.
Q. What are Fundamental Duties?
A. The basic duties of every citizen towards the nation that are listed in the Constitution of India are known as Fundamental Duties.   

Q. What are Directive Principles?
A. The guidelines that are listed in the Constitution of India for the government to govern the country are called Directive Principles.

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