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India - States / Union Territories and their capitals - Updated

Guest Post by Veda

About India

  • India is one of the oldest civilizations of the world with rich cultural heritage.
  • The official name of India is Republic of India or Bharat Ganrajya in Hindi.
  • India is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Republic with a Parliamentary system of government.
  • India is the 7th largest country in the world and the 2nd most populated country of the world.
  • The sub-continent of India lies in Asia.
  • India is surrounded by the Great Himalaya Mountains in the North, Bay of Bengal Sea in the East, Arabian Ocean in the West and Indian Ocean in the South.
  • There are 29 States and 7 Union Territories in India.
  • Official language is Hindi which is written in Devanagari script.
  • Currency is Rupee (Rs.) and paise.
  • India became free from British rule on 15th August 1947.
  • A majority of the population follow Hindu religion.

Neighbouring Countries of India

  • Afghanistan and Pakistan are to the North-west of India.
  • China and Nepal to the North.
  • Bhutan to the North-east.
  • Bangladesh and Myanmar the East.
  • Sri Lanka to the South separated from the mainland of India by a narrow strip of sea formed by Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

States and State Capitals of India

India
New Delhi

28 States and their capitals

1.  Andhra Pradesh
Amaravati (under construction)
2.  Arunachal Pradesh
Itanagar
3.  Assam
Dispur
4.  Bihar
Patna
5.  Chhattisgarh
Raipur
6.  Goa
Panaji
7.  Gujarat
Gandhinagar
8.  Haryana
Chandigarh
9.  Himachal Pradesh
Shimla
10. Jharkhand
Ranchi
11. Karnataka
Bengaluru (formerly known as Bangalore)
12. Kerala
Thiruvananthapuram (formerly Trivandrum)
13. Madhya Pradesh
Bhopal
14. Maharashtra
Mumbai (formerly Bombay)
15. Manipur
Imphal
16. Meghalaya
Shillong
17. Mizoram
Aizwal
18. Nagaland
Kohima
19. Odisha
Bhubaneswar
20. Punjab
Chandigarh
21. Rajasthan
Jaipur
22. Sikkim
Gangtok
23. Tamil Nadu
Chennai (formerly Madras)
24. Telangana (newly formed state)
Hyderabad
25. Tripura
Agartala
26. Uttar Pradesh
Lucknow
27. Uttarakhand
Dehradun
28. West Bengal
Kolkata (formerly Calcutta)

8 Union Territories and their capitals

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Port Blair
2. Chandigarh
Chandigarh
3. Dadar and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
Silvassa
5. The Govt of NCT (National Capital Territory) of Delhi
Delhi
6. Jammu & Kashmir
Srinagar (summer capital)
Jammu (winter capital)
7. Ladakh
Leh
8. Lakshadweep
Kavaratti
9. Puducherry (Pondicherry)
Pondicherry