Skip to main content

National Identity Elements - National Symbols of India

Guest Post by Veda

National Flag

  • The Tricolor Flag is horizontal with three strips of colors.

  • Orange / saffron (Kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom in equal proportions.

  • There is a navy blue Dharma Chakra (Wheel of Justice) at the centre of the white strip.

  • The Dharma Chakra is adopted from Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.

  • The diameter of the Dharma Chakra approximates to the width of the white band.

  • The Dharma Chakra has 24 spokes.

  • The present flag was designed by a Telugu man named Pingali Venkayya.

  • The design of the present National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on July 22, 1947.

  • The ratio of the width to its length is 2:3.

National Anthem

  • The Hindi version of Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem of India.
  • It was composed by Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali language.
  • The full song consists of five stanzas and it takes 52 seconds to play the full song.
  • The Hindi version of the song was adopted by the Constituent Assembly in on January 24, 1950.
  • The song was first sung on December 27th, 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress.

National Song

  • Vande Mataram written in Sanskrit is the National song of India.
  • The song is composed by Bakim Chandra Chatterjee.
  • It is a part of his famous novel named Anand Math.

National Emblem

  • The National Emblem of India is adopted from the Lion Capital of Asoka in Sarnath
  • The Emblem was adopted by Govt of India on January 26th, 1950.
  • The emblem consists of four Asiatic lions that stand back to back on a circular abacus.
  • The abacus has the sculptures of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion that are separated by wheels over a bell-shaped lotus.
  • The Sanskrit words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ are inscribed at the bottom which means ‘Truth Alone Triumphs’.
  • These words are taken from Mundaka Upanishad.

National Bird

  • The Indian peafowl commonly known as the peacock is the National Bird of India.
  • The peacock which symbolizes beauty with grace is declared as the National Bird in 1963.
  • The scientific name of peacock is Pavo cristatus.

National Animal

  • The majestic black and yellow striped Bengal Tiger is made the National Animal of India.
  • Prior to 1973, Lion was the National Animal of India.
  • As the tigers were reducing in number, the Government of India launched ‘Project Tiger’ in 1973 to preserve tigers and declared tiger as the National Animal of India.
  • The scientific name of tiger is Panthera tigris.

National Flower

  • The beautiful pink lotus is the National Flower of India.
  • The flower is considered highly sacred for Hindus as Goddess Lakshmi (the Hindu goddess of wealth) is believed to be seated on this flower.
  • The scientific name of lotus is Nelumbo nucifera.

National Tree

  • Indian fig tree commonly known as banyan tree is the National Tree of India.
  • The tree is characterized with its longevity and is considered as an immortal tree.
  • The tree has high medical value and is considered highly sacred for Hindus.
  • The scientific name of banyan tree is Ficus bengalensis.

National River

  • Holy Ganges i.e. River Ganga is the National River of India.
  • It is the longest river in India.
  • River Ganga originates from Gangotri glacier in the Himalayas.
  • At this place it is known as River Bhagirathi.
  • River Ganga flows down to Northern plains to form the river basin.
  • It forms one of the most fertile lands of the world.
  • River Ganga is highly sacred for Hindus.

National Fruit

  • Mango is the National Fruit of India.
  • It is the King of Fruits and is the rich source of Vitamins A, B, C and D.
  • Mango is a sub-tropical seasonal juicy fruit which is available during summer season in India.
  • The fruit is high in vitamins and minerals.
  • The scientific name of Mango is Mangifera indica.

National Game

  • Hockey is the National Game of India.
  • The Indian Hockey team got six consecutive gold medals in the International Olympic Games during the periods from 1928 to 1956.

National Calendar

  • The calendar that is based on Saka Era with the Hindu month of Chaitra as the first month of the year is adopted as the National Calendar of India.
  • Gregorian calendar is followed officially.

National Aquatic Animal

  • River Dolphin is the National Aquatic Animal of India.
  • These dolphins live in freshwaters.
  • Its scientific name is Platanista gangetica.

Popular posts from this blog

Procedure For Bhogi Pallu

The 1st day of the 4-day Sankranti festival is celebrated as Bhogi Panduga by the Telugu people. The Telugu word 'Panduga' means festival. This festival has much of social significance than religious importance. It is a festival of family gathering. Telugu people are engaged in many activities on Bhogi / Sankranti day.

Lyrics and meaning of Brahmamokkate Parabrahmamokkate

This Keertana is one of the best and most popular compositions of Saint Annamayya in which he describes the universal truth of oneness and omnipresence of God in all the creatures alike. The Keertana is sung in Bouli / Mayamalava Goula Ragam.

Tandanana Ahi Tandanana Pure Tandanana Bhala Tandanana
Brahmamokkate Parabrahma Mokkate Prabrahmamokkate Prabrahmamokkate

The word 'tandanana' is a slang used in the local folklore to give a rhythmic punch to the folk music. While the words 'ahi' 'pure' and 'bhala' are words of appreciation in the local language (different dialects of Telugu). The second line describes the oneness of God.

Kanduvagu Heenadhikamu Lindu Levu Andariki Srihare Antaratma
Indulo Jantu Kulaminta Nokkate Andariki Srihare Antaratma

There is no class distinction like high or low and it is Sri Hari (the Supreme God) who dwells in all the beings. There is even no distinction among the creatures as it is He who dw…

Lyrics Of Varalakshmi Song Etla Ninnettu Kundunamma

Varalakshmi Vratam is a very important pooja performed by the women on 2nd Friday that falls before full moon day in the auspicious Hindu month of Sravan