Skip to main content

Importance And Significance Of Ratha Saptami

Courtesy: Google Images
Ratha Sapthami is one of the important Hindu festivals. The day is considered very auspicious and is dedicated to Surya Deva (i.e.Sun God). Ratha Saptami is celebrated on Magha Suddha Saptami i.e. the 7th day of the brighter fortnight of the moon in the auspicious Hindu month of Maagha. It usually corresponds with February. Basant Panchami (aka Siri Panchami) is followed by Ratha Saptami.

Ratha Saptami is of great importance as Surya Deva (Sun God) is considered as the Pratyaksha Daivam i.e.the Visible God.

Devotees take an early morning shower on this auspicious day by placing Arka (Botanical name: Calotropis procera) leaves on the head and recite the following Surya mantram while having shower:

Sapta Sapta Maha Sapta
Sapta Dweepa Vasundhara
Sapta Arka Parna Madaya
Saptamyam Snanam Achareth


Some staunch devotees take Punya Nadi / Samudra Snanam i.e. taking a holy dip in the nearby sea or river waters at the time of sunrise. Women folk in the Southern states draw Ratham Muggu i.e. rangoli in front of the main gate.

After nadi snanam, devotees perform morning prayers and worship Lord Surya followed by their daily pooja. Special naivedyam (i.e.Pulagam) is prepared in a special way in the backyard of the house. This rice item is a healthy combination of lentils and rice with added spices) which is offered to Surya Bhagawan as naivedyam. Some devotees prepare Kheer / Payasam Devotees mostly recite Aditya Hrudayam which is one of the most powerful mantras that was recited by Lord Rama at the time of Ramayana War. Reciting Aditya Hrudyam is beneficial for good health. Lord Suryanarayana who is also known by the name Adi Narayana i.e. the foremost God.

Surya Narayana is depicted as sitting on a ratham or chariot that is driven by seven horses which signify the seven colors that are formed by dispersion of light. These seven horses also signify the 7 days of the week and the names of these 7 horses are Gayatri, Brihati, Ushnik, Jagati, Dhrishtup, Anushtup and Bhakti.

The chariot is driven by a charioteer named Arun who is orangish in color. He is believed to be born with deformity without legs. Aruna is the elder son of Vinata and Sage Kashyapa and the elder brother of Garuda - the Celestial Eagle.

According to Hinduism, early in the morning Aruna appears first before Sun rises in the East and in the evening Aruna sets in the West only after the Sun sets. In the olden days, people had not much educated and couldn't understand the science behind this phenomenon. So most of the celestial events were connected with some or the other mythology / mythological character/s for easy understanding of the common man.

There is a scientific explanation for Aruna appearing before Sun rise and seen after Sun set. Due to refraction of light Sun appears to be rising from the horizon before it actually rises in the morning and is visible for few minutes at the horizon after it actually sets.

According to certain philosophy, the chariot has only one wheel which represents the passage of time or Kaal or Kaala Chakram. While as per other philosophy the chariot has 12 wheels which represent the 12 zodiac signs and the 12 months of the year.

There are very few Sun temples across the country and people throng the nearby Sun temples on this auspicious day. Sun Temple at Konark is one of the famous Sun temples which is a World Heritage site, however this is more a monument than a temple and there are no priests and no daily poojas /prayers in this temple. It is just a tourist attraction and is a World Heritage site which is crowded with tourists and devotees as well on this auspicious day.

Arasavalli Suryanarayana Temple in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh, Dakshinarka temple at Gaya in Bihar and Arakonam in Tamil Nadu are few other Sun temples.

This auspicious day which is dedicated to Surya Bhagawan is also known as Surya Jayanti. It is from this day the Northern Hemisphere starts tilting towards the Sun and thus the days gradually become longer and longer.

Though, the festival is not celebrated with much fervor by the public like other festivals yet spiritually it is an important / auspicious day celebrated by few devotees in some regions only.

Scientifically Sun is the Ultimate Source of Energy for all the living creatures on Earth and in fact it is the light energy from the sun which is trapped by the chlorophyll in the leaves of green plants and converted into chemical energy. Hence Sun is considered as the Visible God by Hindus as life on Earth depends on Sun.

Date of Ratha Saptami: January 31, 2020 (Friday).

Popular posts from this blog

How to perform Ksheerabdi Dwadasi Pooja / Vratam

Ksheerabdi Dwadasi falls on the 12th day after Deepavali Amavasya in the Hindu month of Kaartika Maasam. It is an auspicious day for the Hindus, particularly the married women. On Ksheerabdi Dwadasi day, married women, mostly in the Southern states perform Tulasi Pooja in the evening. Holy Basil plant is worshiped by the married women on this auspicious day for a happy and blissful married life.

Recommended for reading: Significance of Ksheerabdi Dwadasi. Mostly, married women observe fasting in the daytime on this auspicious day, though it is not compulsory.
Procedure for performing Tulasi poojaRefresh yourself with a shower in the evening and dress in a traditional way as per your family customClean the potted plant and smear turmeric paste around the pot i.e Tulsi kota.Decorate the pot with dots of kumkuma and rice flour. Draw 'Kalyanam bottu' (special way of putting bindi to the brides during wedding) at the center of the dots.Decorate the plant and the pot (Tulasi kota) …

Lyrics and meaning of Brahmamokkate Parabrahmamokkate

This Keertana is one of the best and most popular compositions of Saint Annamayya in which he describes the universal truth of oneness and omnipresence of God in all the creatures alike. The Keertana is sung in Bouli / Mayamalava Goula Ragam.

Pallavi
Tandanana Ahi Tandanana Pure Tandanana Bhala Tandanana
Brahmamokkate Parabrahma Mokkate Prabrahmamokkate Prabrahmamokkate

Meaning:
The word 'tandanana' is a slang used in the local folklore to give a rhythmic punch to the folk music. While the words 'ahi' 'pure' and 'bhala' are words of appreciation in the local language (different dialects of Telugu). The second line describes the oneness of God.

Charanam
Kanduvagu Heenadhikamu Lindu Levu Andariki Srihare Antaratma
Indulo Jantu Kulaminta Nokkate Andariki Srihare Antaratma

Meaning:
There is no class distinction like high or low and it is Sri Hari (the Supreme God) who dwells in all the beings. There is even no distinction among the creatures as it is He who dw…

Traditional Telugu Wedding

"Dharmecha, ardhecha, kamecha, nati charitavyeti, data vadet, nati charatavya - Nati Charami"
"Mangalyam tantunanena mama jeevana hetuna, kanthe badhnami subhage tvam jeeva sarada satam"


These are the two most important chanting in Indian Hindu weddings.

Wedding (Vivah / Vivaham in Sanskrit), is a highly sacred event in Hindu culture. It is a life long commitment between a man and a woman. Vivaham is one of the 16 samskaras. Brahmacharya (youth) of a man ends with marriage and his Grihastasramam (family life) begins.

Hindu weddings involve various ceremonial / procedural events which are almost similar in all regions with slight variations. The events take place in the form of prayers, invocations and vows that are recited in Sanskrit. The prayers are power-packed with in-depth meaning and describe the strong bondage between husband and wife who are united in the presence of Panch Bhoota i.e the five elements of Earth, in a ritualistic manner. According to Hinduism…