Skip to main content

Significance and Importance Of Ugadi - The Telugu New Year's Day

Courtesy: Google Images
Ugaadi is also known as Samvatsaradi by the Telugu people. It is one of the most important festivals of Andhra Pradesh / Telangana and Karnataka. Ugadi is the New Year's day for the Telugu and Kannada people.

Importance of the festival

The day marks the beginning of a New Year as per the Hindu calendar. The new year begins with the Hindu month Chaitram. Chaitra Amavasya (i.e the day of moonless night) is known as Kotha Amavasya in some regions of Andhra Pradesh. The next day after Chaitra Amavasya i.e the padyami day is celebrated as Ugadi. The festival mostly falls in the month of March / April of the Gregorian calendar.

Also Read: Hindu calendar

According to the estimations of some astrologers, it is said that Lord Sri Krishna left the physical world to reach His Heavenly Abode on the wee hours of this day. Hence, Ugadi day marks the end of Dwapara Yuga and the beginning of Kaliyuga. However, there is no historical evidences on the same.

In Telugu calendar, each year is given a specific name. Altogether there are names of 60 years and these names are said to be associated with Brahma Manasa Putria i.e Sage Narada. The name of the 61st year is a repetition of the name of the 1st year. Hence the 60 names of the years keep repeating in cycles.

60 Telugu names of the years

1. Prabhava || 2. Vibhava || 3. Sukla || 4. Pramoda || 5. Prajaapati || 6. Angeerasa || 7. Srimukha || 8. Bhaava || 9. Yuva || 10. Dhaata || 11. Eswara || 12. Bahudhaanya || 13. Pramaadhi || 14. Vikrama || 15. Vrusha || 16. Chitrabhanu || 17. Subhanu || 18. Taarana || 19. Paardhiva || 20. Vyaya || 21. Sarvajit || 
22. Sarvadhaari || 23. Virodhi || 24. Vikruti || 25. Khara || 26. Nandana || 27. Vijaya || 28. Jaya || 29. Manmadha || 30. Durmukha || 31. Hevilambi || 32. Vilambi || 33. Vikaari || 34. Saarvari || 35. Plava || 36. Subhakrutu || 37. Sobhakrutu || 38. Krodhi || 39. Viswavasu || 40. Paraabhava || 41. Plavanga || 42. Keelaka || 43. Sowmya || 44. Saadhaarana || 45. Virodhikrita || 46. Paridhavi || 47. Pramaadi || 48. Aananda || 49. Raakshasa || 50. Nala || 51. Pingala || 52. Kaalayukti || 53. Siddhardhi || 54. Raudra || 55. Durmati || 56. Dundubhi || 57. Rudhirodgaari || 58. Raktaakshi || 59. Krodhana || 60. Akshaya

The same day is celebrated with different names in different regions of the country. In Karnataka, it is celebrated as Yugaadi, in Maharashtra it is celebrated as Gudi Padwa (Parva means fesitval).

Significance of Ugaadi

The festival of Ugaadi has more social significance than religious significance. The day marks the beginning of the pleasant spring season in the Northern Hemisphere with the melodious song Kokila bird spreading in the atmosphere, the tender mangoes and healthy fresh fragrance of the neem flovers all around. However, in the recent past due to global warming and green house effect, all the freshness and pleasantness are gradually disappearing and most of the Southern states in India experience summer season during this time.

As the festival marks the beginning of a New Year, the Telugu people celebrate the festival with much fervor. However, there is a belief that it is on this i.e on Chaitra Suddha Padyami day (suddha is a term used to signify the brighter half of the moon) Lord Brahma initiated His work of creation.

Ugaadi celebrations in Andhra Pradesh

Keeping the present days global warming aside, Ugadi which is celebrated in the spring season when Mother Nature is at her best with all the plants and trees with fresh new leaves and colorful flowers all around, brings fresh and new hopes in the people who leave their past behind.

As this day is the beginning of a New Year, its celebration is important for the Telugu people who make heavy purchases and purchase new clothes for all the family members. The women folk / home-makers involve themselves in decorating the main entrance door of their homes with mamidi toranam or mango leaves and flowers. They also draw floral designs or traditional muggulu on the floor and prepare a special recipe called Ugaadi Pachchadi only on this special day. People in some traditional families apply nuvvulu nune (sesame oil) on their body, take bath with nalugu pindi (powder made of a combination of pulses) and then shampoo their hair with kunkudu kaayalu (reetha extract - English name: Sapindus). Then they wear new dress compulsorily on this auspicious day and it is customary to take the special recipe as the first food of the day after performing the daily worship to God.

Most of the Telugu people with a religious bent of mind compulsorily visit the nearby temples to worship the God and seek His blessings on the New Year's day. And what to mention of the special dishes prepared for lunch on this day. Most of the families prepare traditional dishes like poornam burelu, dahi (perugu) vada and pulihora in addition to other popular Andhra delicacies. Ugadi is a festival of family gathering when the family members enjoy delicious traditional recipes, get themselves involved in family fun activities, laughter, entertainment thus spreading happiness and positive vibes all around.

Related Topics:
1. Poornam boorelu
2, Pulihora

In addition to all these enjoyments the most important activity done on this day after worship is Panchanga Pathanam (reading of the new calendar) and Panchanga Sravanam (listening). Being the New Year day, the new calender of the year is read by the scholars while the same is listened by the people. In almost all the local temples, the temple priests read the kota panchangam (new calender) to the audience. These days, the same is being aired in almost all the local Telugu TV channels.

In addition to these celebrations several organizations conduct various cultural programs like Kavi Sammelana, Ugaadi Puraskaralu - awards ceremony - and the like in order to revive, encourage and bring awareness among the public on the rich culture of Andhra Pradesh, the Telugu literature and poetry works.

Recipe for Ugadi Pachchadi

This is a special recipe made only on the Ugaadi day with the arrival of new raw mangoes which is the main ingredient of the recipe. This pachchadi is a special combination of shad ruchulu (six different tastes) viz. bitter, sweet, sour, salt, spicy and tangy. In fact the six tastes of the recipe signify that life is a combination of various feelings like happiness, sad, anger, fear etc. Besides this belief, it a healthy combination of all the tastes which is considered good for health.
  • Take one medium green raw mango, peel off the skin, cut it into very small pieces and keep aside.

  • Take equal measures of (one small cup) of newly made jaggery, tamarind juice extracted from new crop of tamarind. Take these in a container and keep stirring till the jaggery gets dissolved in the tamarind juice.

  • Now add the finely cut raw mango pieces to this mixture.

  • Add little salt, red chilli powder or even black pepper powder to the mixture.

  • Now add the main ingredients that is the white flowers of neem tree. Add few flowers only as adding too many flowers will turn the pachchadi bitter.

  • Besides these main ingredients, you can even add dry fruits like cashew nuts, raisins, almonds and pieces of fresh fruits like banana, grapes, apple and many more as per your wish.
Thus the celebrations of Ugaadi are much enjoyed by the people of Andhra Pradesh when friends and relatives make visits to each other's house and exchange Ugaadi pachchadi.

Date of Ugaadi: 2nd April 2022 - Sri Subhakrutu Nama Samvatsaram.

Also Read: Happy Ugaadi to all the readers!

Popular posts from this blog

Seemantham - The South Indian Traditional Baby Shower ceremony

Seemantham is a traditional south Indian way of celebrating baby shower. The same is celebrated in north India as 'godbharai' ('god' means lap in Hindi - 'd' in 'god' is pronounced as 'the' and bharai means 'to fill'). The celebration differs from region to region. Seemantham is also known by the names 'poolu mudupu' (i.e adoring flowers in the hair) and 'gajulu todagadam' (i.e wearing glass bangles) in Telugu. It is celebrated in the 5th or 7th or 9th month of pregnancy. Seemantham is one of the 16 Hindu samskaras known as 'simantonnayana' in Sanskrit. It is a samskara of the embryo / foetus that develops in the pregnant woman's womb. Usually, seemantham is celebrated for the 1st pregnancy only and not for the subsequent conceives. There are certain superstitious believes on celebrating the function. In the olden days, people believed that pregnant women are easily prone to 'dishti' or evil e

How To Perform Aksharabhyasam At Home And Basar temple

Aksharabhyasam Meaning The word 'Akshara' means letters (alphabets) in Sanskrit and 'abhyasam' means practice. Aksharabhyasam is a traditional religious function of Hindus. It is also known as 'Vidyaarambham' which literally means starting of education. In this function a child is given initiation for writing / education. With this function the child is ready to receive formal education in a school. The function is performed in different ways in different regions of India. When to perform aksharabhyasam In the olden days, aksharabhyasam was performed when the child was 5 years old. But presently because of early education at Kindergarten level, parents perform this ceremony when the child is in his 3rd year i.e. after the child completes 2 years. Normally there is a belief that aksharabhyasam should not be performed after the child completes 3 years and is in its 4th year. Where to perform aksharabhyasam The function can be performed either in a temp

School Speeches - Farewell Speech By School Principal to Outgoing Students

Author Reserves All Rights. Listen to the speech in my YouTube Channel: This sample speech would be helpful for the school principal to deliver on the occasion of school farewell day party. Respected teachers and my dear students, Good Morning / Good Afternoon to each one present here and a very warm welcome to you to the school farewell party. It's a nostalgic feeling as I remember my student life in school and my school farewell party. I am sure we all have mixed feelings on this day which is a blend of joy and sadness. On one hand you feel enthusiastic as you will be stepping into a completely new different world where you will find relatively more freedom than in a school life. While on the other hand you will feel sad as you have to depart from your school / classmates. My dear friends the time has come to bid you all farewell with a heavy heart from this esteemed institution which protected you, cared for you, supported you and guided you all these years.