Skip to main content

Importance And Significance Of Karthika Masam

Sahasralingarchana
Karthika Masam is the 8th month in the Hindu lunar calendar. It usually falls in the month of October /November. The Hindu month of Kaartik starts from the next day after Deepavali in the regions where a new month starts after Amaavasya. It is one of the most auspicious and holiest months for the Hindus as it is very dear to both Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu.

This year (2019) Kaartika Maasam begins on October 29, 2019 (Tuesday) and ends on November 26th. Hindus remain busy through out the month performing poojas, rituals, functions and other such celebrations during the month. It is believed that those who deeply involve in prayers to Lord Shiva would help them in attaining Moksha i.e salvation.

Importance of Kaartika Maasam

It is believed that during this month Lord Shiva killed the mighty and powerful demon kings of Tripurasura and thus relieved all the worlds from their clutches.

There is also a belief that Lord Vishnu who goes on a long sleep from Aashada Suddha Ekaadasi day (known as Tholi Ekadasi) wakes up on Kaartika Suddha Dwadasi day (known as Ksheerabdi Dwadasi).

According to Puranas (the ancient Hindu texts), during this month Holy River Ganga makes her way into all the rivers, streams and other water resources before she flows into the Bay of Bengal. Due to this reason, it is considered healthy to have early morning baths i.e Kaartika Snaanam during the month. The flowing waters gain much of kinetic energy and get energized, So taking early morning baths during these cold days help in getting the body energized and is good for health.

Important activities / poojas during the month and its scientific significance

Karthika Deepam

Karthika masam signifies karthika deepam which is the most important activity during the month. In the regions that follow the lunar calendar, Kartika Masam starts from the next day after Deepavali Amavasya which generally falls in the months of Oct / Nov. People continue to light up oil lamps called 'Kartika Deepams' at the main entrances till the day of Kartika Pournami. This day is considered the most auspicious day of month.

Scientifically, winter season has shorter days and longer nights. In the olden days before the invention of electricity people used to light up their homes with oil lamps i.e diyas. Since then it has become a practice to beautify the homes during this month by lighting up traditional lamps.
Devotees throng the nearby temples, particularly Shiva temples, either early in the mornings or evenings (twilight time) and light up oil lamps in the temple premises. The women folk light up oil lit earthen lamps / coconut shell lamps (Narikela deepam) / lamps made of skin of the lemons in the temple premises particularly around the Dhwaja Sthambam (the Sacred Pillar).

Karthika Snanam

Karthika masam also signifies Karthika snanam which means month long early morning showers (taking bath). Devotees get up early in the mornings and go to the nearby water bodies for 'Kaarthika Snaanam' i.e. have a holy dip in the river. People in the coastal regions go to the sea for a holy dip. As this is not possible in the urban lifestyle. So, devotees have karthika snanam at their homes. Scientifically having early morning shower is a healthy practice. The cold winter days in the months of Oct / Nov makes you lethargic. In order to keep your body active and energetic, it is mentioned in Puranas that you need to get up early in the morning and have 'Samudra / Nadi (river) Snanam' as the flowing currents of the river water helps in energizing and activating the body cells. Thus keeping the body active, energetic and healthy through out.

Rudraabhishekam

Devotees visit the nearby Shiva temples during the entire month or only on Mondays and perform 'abhishekam' to Shiva Lingam i.e pouring either ordinary water or milk or fruit juices on Shiva Lingam. This is done as there is a belief that Lord Shiva is fond of 'abhishekams' i.e 'abhisheka priyah'. Even if one does 'abhishekam' with ordinary water, He is too pleased and blesses one. Scientifically such a practice of going to temples and worshiping the god helps in spiritually elevating one's mind and spreads positive vibes across. It helps one in getting rid of the materialistic world and makes one feel the existence of God. Most of the Hindus are involved in performing poojas / abhishekams to Lord Shiva and are also involved in reading / listening to Kaartika Puranam (the ancient scripture on Lord Shiva).

Karthika Somavar

Mondays are dear to Lord Shiva. The 4 / 5 Mondays of Karthika masam are specially important. Devotees observe fasting on the entire day on these Mondays. At sunset they refresh with a shower, light up 'sandhya deepam' i.e evening lamp, worship Lord Shiva and then break their fast in the night by having light / simple food. Scientifically, the process of digestion takes longer time in winter and people don't feel hungry easily. So in order to avoid eating unnecessarily without feeling hungry, fasting is observed. It also helps in cleansing the internal organs and at the same time it also helps in removing excess fatty content from the body. Thus it helps in maintaining a healthy body during winter.

Karthika Maasa Vanabhojanam

'Vanabhojanam' is a Telugu word which literally means having food / lunch in the open / in the gardens under the trees. In the earlier times, people used to cook food in the 'vanam' i.e gardens and enjoy the food amidst nature. This is just a family's day out. There is a change in this cultural activity and people these days carry either home-made foods or get food packs from the restaurants and enjoy the food in the gardens.

People go to the nearby gardens or woods, spend the day with the family members by playing, chit-chatting and the like and compulsorily have lunch under the shade of the trees amidst the nature. This is an important social activity in the auspicious month of Kartik. People take time for themselves and spend quality time with their family and friends amidst the nature. This helps in refreshing their minds and recharging their minds. It thus helps in maintaining a healthy and cordial relationship among the members of the family / community which in turn helps in developing a healthier / developed society.

The original concept was to stay fit and refresh / recharge the body, mind and soul during the cozy winters. The culture is continued even to these days.

Important Festivals in Karthika Masam

Nagula Chaviti

On the 4th day (chaviti / chaturdhi day) after Deepavali Amaavasya, Telugu speaking people of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana celebrate Naagula Chaviti. People mostly observe fasting on this day. They go to the nearby snake burrows to perform pooja to Naaga Devata or the serpent god. They clean up the area, decorate it with muggulu / rangoli and light up oil lamp in front of the anthill. They worship the snake god with turmeric powder, kumkum and flowers, offer milk to Naaga Devata mostly by pouring the milk into the holes of the anthills and offer chalimidi (a kind of sweet prepared of rice flour mixed with jaggery and ghee) as naivedyam. And in the evenings, they enjoy playing with the fire crackers and its just like a chota Deepavali on this day in Andhra Pradesh. The scientific significance of the festival is that it helps in the harmonious communion between the venomous creatures and humans and thus help in the maintaining ecological balance in nature.

Ksheerabdi Dwadasi

Ksheerabdi Dwadasi is another important festival of the month which is mainly performed by the married women for a prosperous married life. It is celebrated on the 12th day after Deepavali Amaavasya i.e on Suddha Dwadasi day. On this day women folk worship Tulasi Devi / Brunda Devi i.e the Holy Basil plant) by keeping a twig of Indian Gooseberry tree (Aamla) beside the Tulasi plant. It is believed that Lord Vishnu resides in Aamla tree hence considering Tulasi / Brinda as Lord Vishnu's wife, these two together are worshiped on this special day.

Karthika Purnima

The full moon day of the month i,e the Kaartika Purnima day is considered as the most auspicious day of the month. On this day Hindus mostly perform Satyanarayana Vratam and Shiva / Rudraabhishekam. Early in the morning on this day, married women go to the nearby water sources like ponds / tanks / rivers and take a holy dip. As a culmination of Kartika Deepams, they release Deepams into the water bodies keeping the lighted oil lamps in the cut stems of plantain trees or in bowl made of dry leaves which are purely eco-friendly. This is mostly performed by the married women for the welfare of their husbands and the entire family.

Festival dates this year (2019)

  1. Deepavali - Sunday October 27, 2019
  2. Nagula Chaviti - Thursday October 31, 2019
  3. Ksheerabdi Dwadasi - Saturday November 9, 2019
  4. Kaartika Pournami - Tuesday November 12, 2019

Dates of four Kartika Mondays

  1. 1st Monday - Nov 4, 2019
  2. 2nd Monday - Nov 11, 2019
  3. 3rd Monday - Nov 18, 2019
  4. 4th Monday - Nov 25, 2019

Popular posts from this blog

How to perform Ksheerabdi Dwadasi Pooja / Vratam

Ksheerabdi Dwadasi falls on the 12th day after Deepavali Amavasya in the Hindu month of Kaartika Maasam. It is an auspicious day for the Hindus, particularly the married women. On Ksheerabdi Dwadasi day, married women, mostly in the Southern states perform Tulasi Pooja in the evening. Holy Basil plant is worshiped by the married women on this auspicious day for a happy and blissful married life.

Recommended for reading: Significance of Ksheerabdi Dwadasi. Mostly, married women observe fasting in the daytime on this auspicious day, though it is not compulsory.
Procedure for performing Tulasi poojaRefresh yourself with a shower in the evening and dress in a traditional way as per your family customClean the potted plant and smear turmeric paste around the pot i.e Tulsi kota.Decorate the pot with dots of kumkuma and rice flour. Draw 'Kalyanam bottu' (special way of putting bindi to the brides during wedding) at the center of the dots.Decorate the plant and the pot (Tulasi kota) …

How To Celebrate Atla Taddi?

Dussehra festival is followed by Atla Taddi which is one of the important festivals celebrated by Telugu women in particular the young unmarried girls. Atla Taddi is celebrated on Aswayuja Bahula Tadiya i.e the 3rd day after the full moon day in the Hindu month of Aswayuja. The festival is also known by the names of 'Undralla Taddi', 'asoonyasayana vratam' and 'chandrodaya Umavratam'.

The festival is mainly aimed at blissful and long married life. Marriage is not only an important social event but also a sacred one as per Hinduism and every young Indian girl dreams of her married life. Hence, the young unmarried girls compulsorily celebrate the festival in view of getting a prospective groom. The festival of Atla Taddi is very much similar to Karva Chauth - a festival celebrated by the married women in the North states of India.

'Atla Taddi' literally means the festival of 'atlu' i.e dosas (a crispy and thinly spread pan cake with the batter mad…

Lyrics and meaning of Brahmamokkate Parabrahmamokkate

This Keertana is one of the best and most popular compositions of Saint Annamayya in which he describes the universal truth of oneness and omnipresence of God in all the creatures alike. The Keertana is sung in Bouli / Mayamalava Goula Ragam.

Pallavi
Tandanana Ahi Tandanana Pure Tandanana Bhala Tandanana
Brahmamokkate Parabrahma Mokkate Prabrahmamokkate Prabrahmamokkate

Meaning:
The word 'tandanana' is a slang used in the local folklore to give a rhythmic punch to the folk music. While the words 'ahi' 'pure' and 'bhala' are words of appreciation in the local language (different dialects of Telugu). The second line describes the oneness of God.

Charanam
Kanduvagu Heenadhikamu Lindu Levu Andariki Srihare Antaratma
Indulo Jantu Kulaminta Nokkate Andariki Srihare Antaratma

Meaning:
There is no class distinction like high or low and it is Sri Hari (the Supreme God) who dwells in all the beings. There is even no distinction among the creatures as it is He who dw…