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How to do Gruhapravesam / house-warming ceremony

Owing a house / property is everyone's dream. One moves into one's new home with much excitement, new hopes and aspirations. In Hinduism, the traditional ritualistic ceremony known as 'gruhapravesam' is performed when the owner moves into the newly built house / office for the first time.

Poojas like vastu pooja, Satyanarayana Swamy pooja, Venkateswara Deeparadhana that are performed during Gruhapravesam helps in purifying the place / building by warding off the evils and vastu dosha if any. The chanting of Vedic hymns and poojas fill-up the air with positive / power-packed vibes and makes the place a livable one for a happy and healthy living of the residents.

Find detailed info on how to do Satyanarayana Vratam and Venkateswara Swamy Deeparadhana.

Gruhapravesam involves procedural which slightly vary from region to region though the main rituals / events are nearly similar.

The celebration of 'gruhapravesam' is an occasion of joy when all the near and dear ones are invited to join the celebration and bless / wish the couple / owner. Preparations for gruhapravesam are done well in advance for a hassle-free and tension-free celebration of the event.

Auspicious Time for Gruhapravesam

The Hindu months of Maagha masam, Sravana masam and Kartika masam are highly auspicious for performing gruhapravesam. However, other Hindu months are also good and the date / sumuhurtam is fixed after consulting the family astrologer. 

Know more about the Hindu months of Maagham, Sravanam and Kartikam
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Once, the date is fixed for gruhapravesam, relatives / friends are invited. Necessary arrangements / preparations for the function starts well in advance.

List of items for gruhapravesam

1. Navadhanyaalu (9 varieties of grains)
2. Yellow pumpkin (tiya gummadikaya)
3. Coconuts for breaking at each door of the house. 
4. Betel leaves
5. Flowers / flower garland
6. Pasupu / Haldi (turmeric powder) and kumkum
7. Chandan (sandalwood powder)
8. Agarbatti
9. Camphor
10. Milk packet
11. New brass / steel container for boiling milk
12. Rice flour (varipindi)
13. Jaggery (bellam)
14. Water
15. Photos of ishta daivam (gods) like Lord Ganesha, Lord Venkateswara etc.
16. Match box
17. Napkins
18. Pooja materials like aarti plate, panchapatra and udharini (plate, tumbler and spoon) preferably silver ones or as per your affordability.
19. Ash gourd (gummadikaya)

Procedure

Gruhapravesam involves step-wise procedural events.

Remove all the things from the new house, clean and mop the floors the previous day. Tie mango leaves toranam, draw rangoli i.e muggulu. 

Find here traditional muggulu.

No one is supposed to enter the new house / office before performing 'gruhapravesam'. On the day of gruhapravesam all the family members and relatives reach the place and stay outside making necessary arrangements for the function like applying chandan paste and vermilion (i.e kumkum) on the yellow pumpkin.

The owner of the house and the family members hold photo pictures of their istha daivam (i.e gods / goddesses), preferably Lord Ganesha, Lakshmi Devi, Satyanarayana Swamy, Venkateswara Swamy and get ready to step into their dream world.


At the 'muhurtam' time while the priest chants mantras, the owner lights up camphor placed on the pumpkin and offers aarti to the main entrance door. He / she hits the pumpkin hard at the centre of the main entrance and breaks it into two halves. Then the coconut is broken into two halves and each is placed at either side of the entrance. Turmeric powder and kumkum are applied on these.


He / she then steps into the house followed by the other family members. With rejoiced faces, the procession goes to the pooja room mostly in the North-East corner of the house and place the photos of the deities on the temporarily arranged mandapam.


As the priest continues chanting mantras and throws navadhanyalu in all directions, the owner breaks coconut at each door, places each half on either side of the door and applies turmeric powder and kumkum. It is not necessary to break coconuts for washroom doors. :)

Many traditional Hindus prefer sprinkling of gomutra all around as it purifies the house.

Find here the importance of cows and goshalas.

The priest and the family members then go to the pooja mandap and make arrangements for Ganesha pooja, Vaastu pooja, Navagraha pooja and other poojas as per the wish of the owner. The poojas continue one after the other.


As the vaastu pooja continues, the wife of the owner gets into the kitchen to light up the stove. In some traditional families, the traditional stove by placing bricks is preferred. But in the present days, new stove, if affordable is preferred to the traditional one. The house-wife boils cow's milk in a new container and allows the milk to spill over 3 times.


After the milk is spilled, kheer i.e payasam is prepared with the milk and is offered as naivedyam. Vaastu pooja is the main event in gruhapravesam. After the pooja turmeric paste is smeared on the ash gourd and kumkum dots are applied on it. This is then hung at the main entrance door to ward off evil eye i.e dishti.

Vastu pooja is followed by other poojas like Navagraha pooja, Vaastu Homam, Ganapati Homam, Venkateswara Deeparadhana, Satyanarayana Pooja. All these are performed depending on the convenience, affordability and wish of the family.

After the poojas, the family members and all the invited guests / relatives relish traditional feast. There is a spread of laughter, rejoice, happiness all around. On the night of gruhapravesam, it is compulsory for the owner and his family to stay in their new dream house and sleep for 3 continuous nights. 

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