Skip to main content

Class 6 Science - Lesson: Getting To Know Plants

Parts of a plant

There are two main systems in a plant. These are:
  1. The root system and
  2. The shoot system

The root system contains roots and root hairs and remains under the soil in most of the plants. While the shoot system remains erect (upright) above the soil and it has stem, leaves, flowers and fruits.

Watch the video on parts of a plant:


The part of the plant that remains under the soil in most of the plants is called the root. It helps in fixing the plant firmly into the soil and thus helps it to stand erect (upright) above the soil.

Roots absorb water and the dissolved minerals from the soil which are used for preparing food. They also store the extra food in them which is used by the plant when required.


The part of the plant that remains erect (upright) above the soil is called the stem. It supports all the other parts of the plant.

It helps in conducting (carrying) water and dissolved minerals from the roots to leaves where the food is prepared. Stems also conduct the prepared food (simple sugars) from the leaves to other parts of the plant.

In some plants like potato the stem performs additional function like storing food.


These are the most important part of the plant. Most of the leaves are green in color due to the presence of the green coloring pigment called chlorophyll which is capable of capturing light energy from the sun and convert it into chemical energy in the form of food.

In most of the plants, food (carbohydrate) is prepared in the leaves through a process called photosynthesis.


Flower is the most colorful and attractive part of the plant. It is the reproductive part of the plant. The male reproductive part of the flower is the pollen grain (pollen) and the female reproductive part is the ovary which contains ovules.

After pollination and fertilization of the ovary develops into a fruit while the ovules develop into seeds. These seeds grow into new plants under favorable conditions.


The fleshy edible (eatable) part of the plant which has seeds within it is called the fruit which stores the food prepared by the plant. Seeds are embedded within the fruits and develop into new plants.

Classification of plants

Based on the height of the plant, texture of the stem and certain other characteristics all the plants are mainly divided into three categories viz.
  1. Herbs
  2. Shrubs
  3. Trees

Popular posts from this blog

Procedure For Bhogi Pallu

The 1st day of the 4-day Sankranti festival is celebrated as Bhogi Panduga by the Telugu people. The Telugu word 'Panduga' means festival. This festival has much of social significance than religious importance. It is a festival of family gathering. Telugu people are engaged in many activities on Bhogi / Sankranti day.

Bhogi pallu is one of the main (special) activities of Bhogi day.
What are Bhogi Pallu Bhogi pallu (the Telugu word 'pallu' means fruits) is a special item made of seasonal berries (regi pallu / any available seasonal berries), petals of seasonal flowers / seasonal flowers, currency coins, small pieces of sugarcane, whole Bengal gram soaked overnight and akshantalu (i.e little turmeric powder mixed in rice).
In the evening before sunset, small children of the family below 5 years of age are seated on a chair. The elderly ladies of the family, friends / neighbors who are invited, take hands full of 'bhogi pallu' and place these or pour these on t…

Republic Day Speech For School Principal

Last Update: 12.01.2020

Author Reserves All Rights.

This Republic Day speech would be useful for the school principal to deliver on 26 January.

Vande Mataram!

Esteemed teachers and my dear students

Wish you all a Happy Republic Day!

Today we all have gathered here to celebrate our 71stRepublic Day. On this auspicious occasion I extend my heartiest greetings and good wishes to you all. As we all know about the importance of Republic Day, I need not speak much about this special day. However we need to be grateful to the founding fathers who formulated and drafted an exemplary Constitution of India that has steered India towards progress and development. Due to the untiring efforts of the great leaders / freedom fighters of our nation under oppressive conditions, we / you all are fortunate of being born in independent India. Now we as the citizens of this great nation and you children as the future citizens of the country, need to re-dedicate ourselves to build a stronger and developed …

Bhogi Panduga - The Most Important Festival Of Andhra Pradesh

Bhogi is the most important festival of Andhra Pradesh. It is the 1st day of the 4-day Sankranti Panduga (festival). It is an important social festival of the Telugu people. It is a harvest festival when the farmers express their gratitude to Varuna Deva i.e the god of rains. It is the thanksgiving festival of the villagers. Farmers thank the cattle for being helpful to them.

Day 1 - Bhogi - the festival with Bhogi mantalu, bhogi pallu and many more.
Day 2 - Makara Sankranti with Sankranti muggulu, bommala koluvu etc
Day 3 - Kanuma - the thanksgiving festival celebrated by the farmers
Day 4 - Mukkanuma celebrated with kodi pandelu i.e cock-fight (presently an illegal activity because of the harm it causes to the people involved).
Bhogi Celebrations in Andhra Pradesh Bhogi falls on the 13th / 14th January every year. The day before Makara Sankranti is celebrated as Bhogi. It is a festival of family gathering that brings joy and happiness in the families. The married daughters of the f…