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Sraavana Mangala Gowri Nomu / Vratam

Mangala Gowri vratam / nomu is performed by the newly-married women on Tuesdays in the auspicious Hindu month of Sravana Masam. They worship Goddess Mangala Gowri Devi for a happy, prosperous, blissful married life and for the welfare of their husband.The nomu is performed for five years and then do udyapana on completion of the 5-year nomu.

This 5-year nomu is performed by the newly-wed ladies of the Brahmin community in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and some regions of Maharashtra.

How to perform Mangala Gowri Vratam / Pooja

As the preparation for the nomu takes more time than the pooja, start preparing well ahead for the pooja. You are not supposed to get up while performing the pooja.

Preparations to be done on the previous day i.e Monday

  • Pooja items list:
    • Turmeric and vermilion (kumkuma)

    • Traditional whole Bengal gram (kommu senagalu for vayanam). In case these are not available Kabuli chana i.e. chick peas can be used.

    • Rice flour / white rice powder (biyyam / vari pindi)

    • Jaggery (bellam / gur)

    • Cow's ghee (aavu neyyi)

    • Honey (tene)

    • Sugar (chakkera / panchadara)

    • Cow's milk and yogurt i.e curd made of cow's milk. (aavu neyyi. avvu perugu)

    • Red or green blouse or yellow blouse piece

    • Wick cotton (vottulu)

    • Colorful fresh available flowers

    • Fresh traditional fruits like coconut and bananas

    • Betel leaves and betel nuts (tamalapaaku and vakka)

    • white / yellow thread for making thoram

    • Chandan powder

    • Camphor (karpooram)

    • Agarbatti (incense sticks)

    • Iron / ss knife for kajal making (katuka kosam inapa leda steel atlakada leda katti).

  • Soak 5 measures of whole Bengal gram overnight, for vayanam.

  • Clean up and mop the Mandapam area. Draw colorful floor designs (traditional muggu / rangoli).
  • Pooja room decoration is a personal choice and can be done according to one's interest / likes.
Find here Mangala Gowri Vratam in Telugu.

Preparations on the pooja day i.e on Tuesday

  • Get up early in the morning, refresh with steaming hot cup of coffee and then go for a hair wash.

  • Drape sari in a traditional way as per your family custom.

  • Apply turmeric paste on your feet (kaallaku pasupu rasukovali).

  • Make white rice powder dough by adding jaggery and little cow's ghee. Do not pour water but just sprinkle very little water if necessary to knead the dough. For flavor add little elaichi powder as these varipindi jyothulu should be eaten by self and by the married women to whom  vayanam is given.

  • Make five small jyothulu with the dough. Place these on an unused / new silver dish / steel plate. You can store this plate for using the same till you complete the 5-year nomu.
Courtesy: Google Images
  • Take 5 cotton wicks and dip these in cow's ghee. Place one wick each in one varipindi jyothi. Keep these ready near the pooja mandapam.

  • For making torams, take five strands of yellow or white sewing thread. Apply turmeric paste on it and make a knot at five places at nearly equal distances. Tie one flower at each knot and apply kumkuma at each knot. Make five such torams and place these in a tray. Keep these ready near pooja mandir / mandapam.

  • Keep all the other purchased items given in the above list like blouse piece, flowers, fruits etc ready near the home puja mandir / mandapam.

  • Make two vastrams (cloth) by spreading / pressing a small cotton ball. Smear turmeric paste, chandan paste and kumkuma. Keep these handy near the mandapam.

  • Make panchaamrutam with near equal measures of honey, sugar, cow's ghee, cow's milk and curd made of cow's milk. Mix all these well, place in a silver dish or in an unused silver / steel bowl. Keep it handy.
  • Keep a tumbler of water, a spoon and a plate (panchapatra and udharini) for sankalpam

  • Prepare five chitti gaarelu / small vadas for offering naivedyam to Ammavaaru. You can prepare naivedyam as per your family custom and not compulsorily vadas.

  • Make small Ganapati with turmeric paste, keep it on a betel leaf and place it in the pooja mandir.
  • Make small Gowri Ammavaaru with turmeric paste. Place it on Indian betel leaf and place it in an appropriate place in the home puja mandir / mandapam.
Courtesy: Google Images
  • These two turmeric paste idols should be preserved and used for the next three Tuesdays as well.

  • Apply chandanam / gandham paste at the tip of a knife and keep it aside for preparing Katuka (kajal).

  • After the preparations are over, make sure that you have kept the pooja samagri near you and then sit on the pooja mat in front of the mandapam, preferably facing East or North. 
  • Decorate the idols with colorful flowers, light up the oil lamps i.e. deeparadhana (not the pindi jyotulu) and agarbatti.

  • Do pranayam followed by sankalpam and start doing the pooja.
  • On completing the pooja, offer naivedyam, toram, blouse piece and senagala vaayanam along with taambulam to Gowri Ammavaaru. For tambulam, take 3 betel leaves and place two bananas and a nut powder packet / vakka.

  • Tie one toram to the knife, light up rice flour jyothulu and start reading Sraavana Mangala Gowri katha / story.

  • While reading the story hold the chandan smeared part of knife over the flames of jyothulu so that the chandan gets charred and forms thick katuka / kajal on the knife.

  • After finish reading the story, tie one toram to your right wrist.

  • Now without taking food (if it is customary in your family) give senagala vaayanam which includes soaked whole Bengal gram, two betel leaves, two or three fruits, a flower, betel nut, toram and one white rice powder jyothi to 5 married ladies as per your family custom.
  • In some regions of Andhra Pradesh, in the 1st year vayanam is given to 5 married women. In the 2nd year to 10 married women, the number increases in multiples of 5 and in the 5th year to 25 married women.

  • If you couldn't find the required number of married women near you, you can give the whole lot as butta vaayanam to one married lady only.
  • If you don't find married women of your community in your location (abroad), you can give the vayanam to the goddess in the nearby Hindu temple.
After completion of four / five Tuesdays, the turmeric idols of Ganapati and Ammavaaru should be made into paste and applied on the face and mangalasutram or else these can be immersed in a nearby water source. This should not be applied on feet.

After the completion of 5 years of performing the nomu, you have to do udyapana of Sravana Mangala Gowri nomu.

Mangala Gowri Vratam Dates - 2018 For the regions (mostly in Southern India) where the new month starts after Amavasya (No Moon day):

1st Tuesday - Aug 14, 2018

2nd Tuesday -  Aug 21, 2018

3rd Tuesday - Aug 28, 2018

4th Tuesday - Sept 4, 2018

In the regions (mostly in Northern India) where the new month starts after full moon day, the dates in 2018 for performing Sravana Mangala Gowri vratam are July 31, Aug 7, 14 and 21.

Besides Tuesdays in the month of Sravana Masam, Fridays are also equally important and Varalakshmi Vratam is performed by married women on the 2nd Friday of Sravanam.