Ganesh Chaturthi is a 10-day (actually 9-days) festival celebrated with much pomp and enthusiasm. It is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi and Vinakaya Chaviti.
The festival is celebrated on Bhadrapada Suddha Chaviti day i.e the 4th day after Amavasya (the day of moonless night) in the Hindu month of Bhadrapada. It marks the birthday of Lord Ganesha.
Ganesha is the elder son of Lord Shiva and Parvati. He is the most worshiped Hindu god. Every social / religious function begins with - Suklam Baradharam - the Ganesha prayer. The initial prayer is offered to Ganesha in view of an obstacle-free celebration of a function / venture as Ganesha is believed to be the remover of obstacles. It is believed that Lord Ganesha scripted the great Hindu epic of Mahabharata while sage Veda Vyasa was visualizing the entire episode of Mahabharata and was narrating / dictating the same to Him. No one else dared to undertake this Herculean task of writing the great voluminous task except Lord Ganesha. There are many more such interesting / popular stories of Ganesha.
A Festival of Community Celebrations
|Courtesy: Google images: Gigantic Khairatabad Ganesha idol in Hyderabad|
On this festival day, beautifully decorated huge idols of Lord Ganesha made of eco-friendly material are brought in grand process and installed on community platforms / pendals on the roadsides of every city, town and village of the country. After the installation of the idol in the pendal, the priest chants Vedic hymns and invokes the god. This is known as 'Pranapratistha' which is followed by 'shodashopachara pooja'. The important part of the pooja is 'ekavinsati patri pooja' i.e worshiping Ganesha with 21 varieties of leaves which of of great medicinal value.
Ganapati pooja is performed by a priest preferably during 'madhyahna kalam' i.e midday / forenoon as it is believed that Ganesha was born at this time.
Ganesha idols are made in different styles / figures and devotees worship for 5-9 days with much devotion. After pooja, special naivedyam called 'modak' / undrallu or kudumulu in Telugu is offered to Lord Ganesha.
|Gigantic laddu to be placed in the hand of|
Khairatabad Ganesha idol
Courtesy: Google images
Festival Celebrations at Home
The festival is also celebrated in each and every house irrespective of caste and creed. People place small eco-friendly idol of Lord Ganesha near the Pooja Mandap in their houses. All the family members sit together to perform pooja and worship the Lord with devotion. For performing 'eka vinsati patri' pooja at home, one can use the available leaves in the region. Worshiping with complete devotion and dedication is more important than running hitherto for collecting the leaves.
It is said that one should not see the crescent moon on the Ganesha Chaturthi day. If one happens to see the moon by chance, one will be falsely accused. This is because of the curse of Moon by Parvati Devi
Generally 'udyapana' is done on the next day while others do it on the 3rd day or 5th depending on their convenience.
History of Ganesha PoojaAs per the historical evidence, Maratha ruler Chatrapati Shivaji had initiated the celebrations in view of promoting nationalism. The celebrations were confined to Hindu families for a long time and later social reformer and freedom fighter Lokmanya Tilak (Bal Gangadhar Tilak) brought back the tradition of Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations to the public platform in a grand way. It was celebrated in entire Maharashtra and later on people of other states too started celebrating the festival. Presently, the festival is celebrated with a competitive spirit with the installation of the tallest idols of Ganesha.
Date of Ganesha Chaturthi: Sept 13, 2018 (Thursday), Chaviti till 2.52 p.m IST.